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Big Capital in Retail: Matsyanyay (মাত্স্যন্যায়)

Matsyanyay (মাত্স্যন্যায়)

This is a documentary film about the entry of retail business in small industries and their effects on the small time businessmen as well as the common man. The name is a Bengali word matsyanyay (মাত্সান্যয়) which means a chaotic situation in which the big fishes eat the small fishes. Similarly, the entry of multi-national giants in small businesses have dealt a killing blow to the group of merchants in question. In response they have revolted against the many number of retail shops set up in various parts of the country. We take you through their movements and their demands and try to answer the questions of the effect this change in business stratagem may have on the economy and more importantly on the everyday life of the common man and the local businessman.

Matsanyay was made in the backdrop of massive capital investment in the Retail sector of West Bengal. The arrival of big capital in this sector meant massive spurt in growth of shopping malls and super markets. There was immediate loss of business for the traditional groceries, corporation markets and street hawkers. Even the wholesale market was not spared. Corporate giants came in to replace several middle players. The big corporations bought products directly from the producers and sold it to end users.

This film focuses on the impending loss of employment of several thousands from this process, especially in Bengal and also tried to bring to light the kind of jobs being generated in the process.