Chaay Garam : চায় গরম : चाय गरम — Hot Tea

English

Minimum Wage Act was passed as a legislation in 1948. And it was said to be meant for the workers. But the tea garden workers of Darjeeling hills-Terai-Dooars and Assam are deprived of it. The workers in the tea gardens of southern India are paid much higher in comparison to their counterparts in West Bengal and Assam. The workers are mostly deprived of the benefits they deserve according to the Plantation Labour Act 1951. The entire region goes on witnessing malnutrition-starvation and rally of death. This has become a common scenario in this tea-belt since last 10-15 years.
But things cannot end in just facing deprivation helplessly. At the end it is people, the struggling people, who write the history, the history of winning their own right. An unprecedented struggle is flaring up now in the tea gardens of hills-terai-dooars. Workers from all strata are gathering in the path of struggle. They are demanding for determination and implementation of minimum wage. They would not settle in anything lesser. How could we keep ourselves apart from that heat? Thus comes this film. Snippets of documentation of this historic struggle of the tea garden workers.
Stand beside.

Bengali

ভারতের আইনসভায় ১৯৪৮ সালে গৃহীত হয় মিনিমাম ওয়েজ অ্যাক্ট। যা নাকি ভারতের শ্রমিকদের সুরক্ষার জন্য নির্মিত। অথচ দার্জিলিং পাহাড়-তরাই-ডুয়ার্স ও অসমের চা-বাগান শ্রমিকেরা এ থেকে বঞ্চিত। অত্যন্ত কম মজুরিতে তাঁদের শ্রম দান করতে হয়। দক্ষিণ ভারতের চা-বাগিচাগুলিতে শ্রমিকরা অনেক বেশি টাকা পেলেও পশ্চিমবঙ্গ বা অসমের চিত্রটি আলাদা। শ্রমিকদের এখানে ৯০-৯৫ টাকা দৈনিক মজুরিতেই সন্তুষ্ট থাকতে হয়। ১৯৫১ সালের প্ল্যান্টেশন লেবর অ্যাক্ট অনুসারে বাগান মালিকরা শ্রমিকদের যা-যা সুবিধে দিতে বাধ্য, সেগুলিও এখানকার শ্রমিকেরা বলতে গেলে পান না। গোটা অঞ্চল জুড়ে চলে অনাহার-অর্ধাহারের মৃত্যুমিছিল। গত দশ-পনেরো বছর ধরে যা উত্তরবঙ্গের চা-বাগান অঞ্চলে একটি নিয়মিত অভ্যাস হয়ে দাঁড়িয়েছে।
কিন্তু পড়ে পড়ে মার খাওয়াই তো শেষ নয়। শেষ বিচারে ইতিহাস নির্মাণ করেন লড়াকু মানুষ, অধিকার অর্জনের ইতিহাস। অভূতপূর্ব আন্দোলন দানা বাঁধছে এই সময়ের পাহাড়-তরাই-ডুয়ার্স চা-বাগানগুলিতে। সমস্ত স্তরের শ্রমিকেরা জমা হচ্ছেন লড়াইয়ের ময়দানে। তাঁদের কণ্ঠে একটিই দাবি — ন্যূনতম মজুরি বা মিনিমাম ওয়েজ নির্ধারণ করতে হবে, লাগু করতে হবে। এর থেকে কম কোনও কিছুতেই তাঁরা সংগ্রাম থেকে সরবেন না। আমরাই বা কীভাবে এই গনগনে উত্তাপ থেকে সরে থাকি? তাই এই ছবি। চা-বাগান শ্রমিকদের ঐতিহাসিক লড়াইয়ের খণ্ড দলিল।
পাশে থাকুন।

 

Nepali

भारतको ऐन-सभाले १९४८ सालमा मिनिमम वेज एक्ट पारित गर्यो, जसलाई भारतका श्रमिकहरुको सुरक्षाको निम्ति बनाइएको भनियो। तर पनि दार्जीलिङ पहाड-तराई-डुवर्स र असमका चिया बगानका श्रमिकहरू मिनिमम वेज देखि वञ्चित छन्। अत्यन्त कम ज्यालामा यिनीहरूले आफ्नो श्रम बेच्नुपर्छ। दक्षिण भारतका चिया बगानका श्रमिकहरूले धेरै बेसी ज्याला पाउँछन्, तर बंगाल र असमको चित्र भने बेग्लै छ। यहाँका श्रमिकहरूले ९०-९५ रुपियाँ ज्याला थापेरै सन्तुष्ट हुन पर्दैछ। भनौं भने १९५१ सालको प्लान्टेसन एक्ट अनुसार बगान मालिकहरूले श्रमिकहरूलाई जे-जे सुविधाहरू दिन बाध्य छन् त्यो पनि यहाँका श्रमिकहरूले पाइरहेका छैनन्। समस्त अंचलभरि नै चलिरहन्छ कुपोषण-जिउँदो कंकालको मृत्युको सिलसिला। गत १०-१५ वर्ष देखि नै यहाँको चिया बगानहरूमा यस्तो घटनाहरू दिनचर्या भएर गएको छ।
तर कुटाई मात्रै खाँदै त इतिहास बनिन्दैन। शेष कालमा जुझारु मानिसहरूले नै इतिहास निर्माण गर्छन्, अधिकार आर्जनको इतिहास। यो अभूतपूर्व आन्दोलन पहाड-तराई-डुवर्सको चिया बगानहरूमा गुञ्जीरहेको छ। समस्त स्तरको श्रमिकहरू रणभूमिमा भेला हुँदैछन्। तिनीहरूको आवाजमा एउटै माँग छ— न्यूनतम मजदुरी वा मिनिमम वेज निर्धारण गर्नु पर्छ र लागु गर्नु पर्छ। यो भन्दा कम्ति कुनै सम्झौतामा यिनीहरू संग्रामदेखि पछि हट्नु राजी छैनन्। हामी पनि कसरी यो संग्रामको लप्कोको उत्तापदेखि टाढा बस्न सक्छौं र? त्यसैले यो चलचित्र। चिया बगानका श्रमिकहरूको ऐतिहासिक लडाईको रक्तिम दस्तावेज।
साथ दिनुहोस्।

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Prisoner Amnesty: Bondimukti (বন্দিমুক্তি)

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The film is in Bengali (বাংলা) but has english subtitles.
Director: Nilanjan Dutta
Contact:  nilanjan123123@rediffmail.com

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and Badal Sircar (এবং বাদল সরকার)

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This docudrama captures Badal Sarkar’s motivations and energy behind his successful theatre movement through certain events that was part of his everyday life. Througha series of discussions with children of his locality, Badal Sarkar summarises the history of theatre and the idea of third theatre in this docudrama.

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Monks burnt Alive: 1982 Bijon Setu

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On the morning of April 30, 1982, a nun and 16 Ananda Marga monks were dragged out of taxis by cadres of CPI(M) the rulng party of West Bengal in Kolkata’s southern suburbs. They were beaten and then set on fire. The killings were witnessed by thousands of people. However, not a single arrest has been made till date.

This documentary made 29 years later, looks back at the shocking incident the took place in front of crowds of people but none spoke out in fear of the CPI(M) which had absolute power.

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The Marichjhanpi incident is one of the darkest episodes of CPI(M) led government of West Bengal. The refugees who were roped in with a lot of promises by the CPI(M) were betrayed after the elections. The settlement established by refugees in the Marichjhanpi island of Sunderban was dealt with iron fists by the West Bengal government who deemed it’ illegal’. Subsequently they were brutally evicted by the police and hired mercenaries who butchered the resisting people, raped the women and burnt down entire settlements.

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Words-tunes-rhythms of livelihood-dreams-struggles
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This documentary captures the lives and struggles of several indegenous population groups in jalpai-duars.

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